In medical terms Leukorrhea can be defined as vaginal discharge which is non-bloody. The vaginal discharge is experienced by almost all women at some point of time. The discharge can be from the vagina, vulva, fundus or cervix. This secretion generally is perfectly normal, but can also show slight pathological changes occurring due to malignancy, foreign bodies, constitutional diseases, cervical erosion, bacterial infection or pelvic infections. Aversion, erosion or chronic cervicitis is one of the most common reasons due to which Cervical Leucorrhea takes place. This gives rise to a discharge which is a mucopurulent by nature and is also mixed with bacterial flora. The reason of the vaginal leucorrhea can be some kind of infection which occurred after menopause or during childhood. This is because during such times the vaginal mucosa lacks resistance and is extremely thin.
Causes of Leucorrhea:-
• Common causes are bacterial vaginosis, Candidiasis and Trichomoniasis. The discharge caused because of trichomoniasis is generally odorous, yellowish, and pruritic. Candidiasis is identified by a thick or thin white discharge which is also accompanied by itching and irritation. Women suffering from bacterial vaginosis usually face the problem of yellow or gray discharge which also has fishy or offensive odor.
• Another reason of the leucorrhea symptoms is the infection, which is caused during childbirth in the cervix. This infection can cause irritation in the glands of the cervix and leads to secretion of excessive mucus.
• Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea, chlamydiosis also cause Leucorrhea. This leads to thick, profuse and yellow discharge and a burning sensation while passing urine.
• There are some fungi and bacteria which can lead to Leucorrhea symptoms. There are chances of infection of the genital tract and is caused by foreign bodies like diaphragms, pessaries or tampons which are left in the vagina for a long time.
• In some cases it has been seen that the discharge problems in women are indicators of cervical cancer or other benign conditions like polyps.
• It can be caused due to pelvic congestion which can be related to a heart disease, inflammation in the Fallopian tubes which is due to tuberculosis and malnutrition.
• In the later years of life this can be caused because of debility.
Signs and symptoms of Leucorrhea:-
• The vaginal discharge noticed during mature periods, during pregnancy, after or before and is not accompanied by any major odor and symptoms then the secretion is a perfectly normal and routine affair. But if it is persistent and the secretion is annoying then it is definitely because of a pathological condition. The quantity of discharge can be scanty or profuse and this varies from one person to another.
• The appearance of vaginal discharge can vary from bloody to clear, purulent to mucoid, can be with or without foul smelling odor and the intense feeling of itching can be present.
It is important to pay attention to the symptoms and proper diagnosis is required to make sure that all is well.